Answers to Quiz 27th May

1..  Churchill (tank is of North Irish Horse in Italy 1944)Renault Char B1 bis, Char B acceptable (tank at Musée des Blindés at Saumur)

2. 1870 – Sedan

3.  Avro Lancaster – Avro Lincoln

4.  Boromir – Faramir and the Rangers of Ithilien

5.  1814 – Battle of Bladensburg

The end of the war in Europe allowed Britain to send a force of Peninsula veterans to America to put an end to what up to this point had been a backwater conflict.  They routed the US force, which was mainly composed of militia and added to its disgrace by fleeing right through the capital.  The fire-raising in Washington was a direct retaliation for the complete destruction of the settlement of Port Dover by US forces in Canada a few months earlier.

6.  HMS Vindictive – Acting Captain Alfred Carpenter or Able Seaman Albert (Edward) McKenzie

7.  122AD (72-172AD acceptable) – Emperor Pius Antoninus (the Antonine Wall)

The earliest known military presence at Chesters Fort, the Bath House of which is pictured above, was a wing of cavalry, ala Augusta ob virtutem appellata (“named Augusta because of its valour”).  Infantry Cohors I Delmatarum, from Bosnia-Herzegovina, and Cohors I Vangionum from Upper Rhineland in Germany were also stationed here. 

The Antonine Wall was begun in 142, took 8 years to build and was abandoned only 12 years later – Caledonians were just too hard to control!

8.  Guernica (the canvas is now in the Reina Sofia Gallery in Madrid) – Condor Legion

9.  Jerusalem – The 3rd Crusade was launched with the aim of recovering the city for the Kingdom of Jerusalem

The hero of the film, Balian of Ibelin did command the defence against Salah ad-Din in the siege.  However, Balian was not a virtuous blacksmith from France!  He was the legitimate third son of a knight of French descent from the County of Jaffa, inherited his title as Lord of Ibelin in 1170 from his father and was in his late forties in 1187.  He died in 1193 and was a major power-broker and political operator in the region, with a role similar to Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick, in the Wars of the Roses.

10.  Gettysburg – Major General Commanding George Gordon Meade

11.  秦始皇帝 pronounced Qin Shi Huangdi, meaning Emperor Qin (I) – 匈奴 pronounced Xiongnu or Hsiung-nu in DBM army lists!

12.  Hamburger/Burger – Hardtack (one pound a day) or Small Beer (one gallon a day – thin with low alcohol content – just enough to prevent bacteria growth – water would have quickly become full of bacteria on a voyage)

Hardtack also known as ship’s biscuit and occasionally as brewis, cabin bread, pilot bread, sea biscuit, soda crackers, sea bread (as rations for sailors)