MWS Quiz 04/11/2020

Peter set the questions for our last quiz on November 4th, with a film theme. In his own words, scoring is problematic- say, 2pts for spot-on, 1pt for ‘close’! Let’s see how you get on. Answers in a few days.

Q1. Not him again!

a) Name three Errol Flynn ‘historical’ films from 1936-40

b) How many times has John Wayne played a colonel? +/-2

Q2. Ancients

a) In 1963 and 1964, two films were made which portrayed the last years of Julius Caesar. Who played Mark Anthony in each film?

b) One of them also portrayed another significant leader of the ancient world – who?

Q3. Naval contemplation

a) Name two RN combat films set in the Napoleonic period.

b) Name two films which feature a major German surface ship.

Q4. Lie of the Land.

a) Which battle area is this meant to portray?

Question 4A

b) Which of the following tanks has NOT been used to portray a WW2 German tank in a movie?

Question 4B

Q5. Take Two

a) Which two leading Hollywood actors have portrayed Genghis Khan?

b) John Cleese and John Wayne both portrayed the same (type) of officer in the same historical locations – twice! What were the positions they played?

Q6. The Caine Family

a) How many serving military ranks has Michael Caine been *credited* with portraying? ANS WITHIN +/-1

b) Which army ranks has he not held on screen?

Q7. Reach for the sky

a) In which film did this ‘fake Albatross & FOKKER DVII ‘ first appear?

Question 7A

b) The AVRO Vulcan appeared in which film?

Question 7B

Q8. Sub-standard

a) Name three films featuring what are meant to be U-Boats (not original newsreel clips)?

b) Name two films featuring atomic submarines (Not including the two in ‘Hunt For Red October’! which were featured in an earlier quiz)

Q9. Hit the Beach

a) Robert Mitchum appeared in two films featuring WW2 beach assaults; name them?

b) Name one WW2 film in which John Wayne dies.

Q10. Uniformity

a) Name one film which correctly features the following: WW2 German paratroopers or  WW2 German Alpine Corps?

b) Name one film which correctly features the following: 11thC Knights or French Napoleonic Light Cavalry Uniforms?

Q11. Vive L’Empereur

a) The CS Forrester book ‘The Gun’ was made into which film, and who played the leader of the Spanish Guerrillas?

b) Name two Hollywood actors who have played the Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte.

Q12. So, how do you get to be King (or Queen) then?

a) Name three actors who have played Henry VIII

b) Name three people who have portrayed Elizabeth I

MWS Quiz 21/10/2020 – Answers

Marcus puts us out of our misery…

Q1A. What is the name of the fantasy world associated with this map?

Answer: Glorantha

Q1B. What are the main game systems associated with this world?

Answer: Runequest, HeroQuest & White Bear/Red Moon

Q2A. On 1/10/331 BC. Alexander fought one of his most famous battles in Mesopotamia. Which battle?

Answer: Gaugamela

Q2B. Who led the opposition?

Answer: Darius of Persia

Q3A. Who fought battles including, Dalan-baljit, Onon, Dalanhemurges, Huan-ertsi, Wei-Chuan & The Indus?

Answer: Genghis Khan

Q3B. What year (within 30) was he declared “Khan of Khan’s”?

Answer: 1206 (accept 1176 – 1236)

Q4A. Which Swedish King introduced conscription in 1620?

Answer: Gustavus Adolphus

Q4B. Can you name two army reforms introduced by him?

Answers (two from the following):

  • Uniforms/badges
  • Drill
  • Increased ratio of pikemen/musketeers
  • Permanent brigades
  • Shortened muskets
  • Ranks reduced from 10 to 6
  • Training to fire 2/3 volleys rather than rolling fire.
  • Artillery; the first artillery regiment, rationalization of calibres and light infantry support gun.

Q5A. The “Battle of the Dunes” took place near which port on 14/06/1658?

Answer: Dunkerque

Q5B. Which future monarch fought for the Spanish army in this battle?

Answer: James Duke of York, the future King James II

Q6A. What significant event is portrayed in this painting?

Answer: Battle of Fort Sumpter (First action of the American Civil War)

Q6B. Which states seceded only after this event, name any two?

Answer: Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee and North Carolina

Q7A. Who advocated the mass use of tanks in a paper of 1917 following the costly battle of Ypres?

Answer: J.F.C. Fuller

Q7B. Which battle commencing 20/11/17 put these ideas into practice?

Answer: Cambrai

Q8A. Can you identify this distinctive ship/class?

Answer: H.M.S. Nelson or H.M.S. Rodney (Nelson class)

Q8B. The design of this class was constrained by restrictions resulting from which treaty?

Answer: The Washington Naval Treaty of 1922; The first arms control treaty.

Q9A. What location was the site of a major amphibious assault from 15-29th September 1950?

Answer: Inchon

Q9B. Why did the defending forces dismiss this as a site for a potential assault?

Answer: North Koreans dismissed the site due to unfavourable tides/tidal range/mud-flats and the necessity to assault across a sea wall.

Q10A. Who wrote “The Hunt For Red October”?

Answer: Tom Clancy

Q10B. What was the name of the submarine commander played by Sean Connery in the film adaptation?

Answer: Marko Ramius

Q11-12.

Can you name the following vehicles from the worlds of Gerry Anderson?

Answer: Sidewinder (bottom) and Fireflash (top)

Answer: Skydiver (UFO)

Answer: Spectrum Maximum Security Vehicle (Captain Scarlet)

Answer: Hawk Interceptor (Space 1999)

MWS Quiz 21/10/2020

This week Marcus sets the questions. Answers in a couple of day’s time.

Q1A. What is the name of the fantasy world associated with this map?

Q1B. What are the main game systems associated with this world?

Q2A. On 1/10/331 BC. Alexander fought one of his most famous battles in Mesopotamia. Which battle?

Q2B. Who led the opposition?

Q3A. Who fought battles including, Dalan-baljit, Onon, Dalanhemurges, Huan-ertsi, Wei-Chuan & The Indus?

Q3B. What year (within 30) was he declared “Khan of Khan’s”?

Q4A. Which Swedish King introduced conscription in 1620?

Q4B. Can you name two army reforms introduced by him?

Q5A. The “Battle of the Dunes” took place near which port on 14/06/1658?

Q5B. Which future monarch fought for the Spanish army in this battle?

Q6A. What significant event is portrayed in this painting?

Q6B. Which states seceded only after this event, name any two?

Q7A. Who advocated the mass use of tanks in a paper of 1917 following the costly battle of Ypres?

Q7B. Which battle commencing 20/11/17 put these ideas into practice?

Q8A. Can you identify this distinctive ship/class?

Q8B. The design of this class was constrained by restrictions resulting from which treaty?

Q9A. What location was the site of a major amphibious assault from 15-29th September 1950?

Q9B. Why did the defending forces dismiss this as a site for a potential assault?

Q10A. Who wrote “The Hunt For Red October”?

Q10B. What was the name of the submarine commander played by Sean Connery in the film adaptation?

Q11-12.

Can you name the following vehicles from the worlds of Gerry Anderson? One point for each.

 

Quiz Answers 02-09-2020

Andy puts us out of our collective miseries with the answers to the last quiz.

1a In Norse mythology Odin has two ravens which fly the earth seeking information for him. What are their names (Norse or English versions accepted)?
• Huginn (Thought) and Muninn (Memory)

1b Odin is also accompanied by two wolves, can you name them?
• Geri and Freki (Meaning the “ravenous” or “greedy” one)

2a In naval terms, what is “The Perisher”?
• The Royal Navy Submarine Command Course (SMCC), previously the Commanding Officers Qualifying Course (COQC).

2b If you fail the Perisher, you get something and there is something you can never do again. One point if you can name either of them?
• A bottle of whisky
• You may never serve again on a Royal Navy submarine in any role.

3a What is the designation of this unusual WW2 Aircraft?


• Blohm & Voss (Bv) 141

3b What is the name or designation of this aircraft, it’s more successful competitor?


• Focke-Wulf Fw 189 Uhu (“Eagle Owl”)

4a In the classic TV series Porridge, Ronnie Barker played the habitual criminal, Norman Stanley Fletcher. But what does a Fletcher traditionally make?
• Arrows (literally: glues the fletches to the arrow shaft)

4b In the series Open All Hours, he played the corner shop keeper, Albert Arkwright. But what does an Arkwright traditionally make?
• Chests

5a Hammer’s Slammers games are fairly popular at the Club, what is the name of the author of the original short stories on which the game is based?
• David Drake

5b What is the nickname given to the Slammer’s Military Police unit?
• White Mice

6a In WW2, what was PQ17?
• An Arctic convoy (in June / July 1942, it was attacked by German forces and lost 2/3 of its merchant ships).

6b Can you name the port that was its intended destination?
• Arkhangelsk (Archangel)

7a In 2006 the club show game was “Day trip to the Malvinas”, based on the Falklands War. Which ship served as the flagship of the Royal Navy Task Group 317.8 sent to liberate the islands?
• H.M.S. Hermes

7b Name the commander of the Task Group at sea?
• Rear-Admiral John Forster “Sandy” Woodward

8a Which regiment of the British Army, now part of the Royal Regiment of Scotland, was known as “Pontius Pilate’s bodyguard”?
• The Royal Scots (The Royal Regiment) / the Royal Regiment of Foot

8b Which regiment of the British Army, now part of the King’s Royal Hussars, was known as “The Cherry Pickers”?
• 11th Hussars (Prince Albert’s Own)

9a The Victoria Cross is the highest award for valour in the British armed forces. In which decade of the 19th century was it instituted?
• 1850’s (warrant issued 29 January 1856, backdated to 1854)

9b If you were awarded the Victoria Cross as a result of service in the Royal Navy in the 19th century, what colour ribbon would you wear?
• Dark Blue. It was Red (Crimson) for Army recipients only until the end of WW1.

10a In 1859 there was a confrontation known as the “Pig War” between the United States and which country?
• United Kingdom

10b Where did this confrontation take place?
• The San Juan islands between Vancouver Island and the American mainland.
• The only casualty of this confrontation was the pig!

11a Which WW2 British division used this field sign?

• 11th Armoured Division

11b Can you name this tank, used by this division later in the war?

• Comet

12a In the British Army, which rank wears this insignia?

• Colonel

12b In the Royal Navy, what is the precise rank indicated by this insignia?

• Surgeon Commander (Three yellow bands = Commander, Red stripes = medical branch)

Society Quiz 02-09-2020

Are we sitting comfortably ? Andy takes the quizmaster’s chair again this week. Answers in a future post.

1a In Norse mythology Odin has two ravens which fly the earth seeking information for him. What are their names (Norse or English versions accepted)?
1b Odin is also accompanied by two wolves, can you name them?

2a In naval terms, what is “The Perisher”?
2b If you fail the Perisher, you get something and there is something you can never do again. One point if you can name either of them?

3a What is the designation of this unusual WW2 Aircraft?

3b What is the name or designation of this aircraft, it’s more successful competitor?

4a In the classic TV series Porridge, Ronnie Barker played the habitual criminal, Norman Stanley Fletcher. But what does a Fletcher traditionally make?
4b In the series Open All Hours, he played the corner shop keeper, Albert Arkwright. But what does an Arkwright traditionally make?

5a Hammer’s Slammers games are fairly popular at the Club, what is the name of the author of the original short stories on which the game is based?
5b What is the nickname given to the Slammer’s Military Police unit?

6a In WW2, what was PQ17?
6b Can you name the port that was its intended destination?

7a In 2006 the club show game was “Day trip to the Malvinas”, based on the Falklands War. Which ship served as the flagship of the Royal Navy Task Group 317.8 sent to liberate the islands?
7b Name the commander of the Task Group at sea?

8a Which regiment of the British Army, now part of the Royal Regiment of Scotland, was known as “Pontius Pilate’s bodyguard”?
8b Which regiment of the British Army, now part of the King’s Royal Hussars, was known as “The Cherry Pickers”?

9a The Victoria Cross is the highest award for valour in the British armed forces. In which decade of the 19th century was it instituted?
9b If you were awarded the Victoria Cross as a result of service in the Royal Navy in the 19th century, what colour ribbon would you wear?

10a In 1859 there was a confrontation known as the “Pig War” between the United States and which country?
10b Where did this confrontation take place?

11a Which WW2 British division used this field sign?

11b Can you name this tank, used by this division later in the war?

12a In the British Army, which rank wears this insignia?

12b In the Royal Navy, what is the precise rank indicated by this insignia?

Society Quiz 22-07-2020

Marcus presents the questions (and answers) to his rather fearsome quiz.

Q1A What is widely regarded as the first battle in recorded history and/or cited as “the beginning of modern history” (“A History of Israel” Theodore H Robinson 1945)? Megiddo
Q1B What year did Megiddo take place (within 50 years)? 1479 BC

Q2A What famous actor played King Osric in “Conan the Barbarian” (1982)? And also featured not only in the Star War saga, but also at least two other well-known science fiction films? Max Von Sydow; Star Wars:The Force Awakens, (Lor San Tekka, 2015) Flash Gordon (Ming, 1980) and Judge Dread (Chief Justice Fargo, 1995)

Q2B Which other Robert E Howard character received a film adaptation released in 1997, in a script originally intended for Arnold Schwarzenegger’s third outing as “Conan the Conqueror”? Kull of Atlantis in “Kull the Conqueror”

Q3A After which battle of 297 BC was it reputedly said (Plutarch) “One other such victory would literally undo him” or “One more such victory and we are undone”? Asculum
Q3B To who is this quote attributed? Pyrrhus of Epirus

Q4A The naval battle of Actium allowed who to consolidate power over Rome and her dominions? Octavian
Q4B In which year was Actium fought? (within 10 years) 31 BC

Q5A Which major battle of the Great North war was fought in 1709? Poltava
Q5B Can you name either commander? Charles XII of Sweden/Tsar Peter 1st (The Great) of Russia.

Q6A What major innovation in ship design was launched in 1905 (which ship)? Dreadnought
Q6B What nationality was the naval architect credited with the concept? Italian (Vittori Cunniberti)

Q7A What chain of islands were the scene of major air, sea and land battles in 1942-3, including Guadalcanal? Solomon Islands
Q7B New Georgia Sound, pictured on the map below is bounded by Choiseul, Santa Isabel and Florida islands to the north and New Georgia and Russel island to the south. How was this stretch of water colloquially referred? “The Slot”

Q8A WW2 oddities. Can you name this aircraft? Dornier Do 335 Pfeil (“Arrow”)

Q8B Can you name this early version of a drone? Goliath

Q9 The Korean War’s most iconic fighters, the MiG 15 and F86 Sabre were both based on German design from WW2. For one point each, can you give the name of the design company who created the design on which each aircraft was based? F86 – Messerschmidt. MiG 15 Focke-Wulf or Tank

Q10A The first nuclear powered surface warship was also the first to shoot down an aircraft with a SAM. Can you name the ship? USS Long Beach (CGN-9)
Q10B The USS Nautilus (SSN 571) was the first submarine to make a submerged transit of the North Pole in 1958. In 1964 the nuclear powered cruiser Bainbridge (CGN-25) and the Carrier Enterprise (CVN-65) accomplished a similar feat. What was it? Operation Sea Orbit. The task group sailed around the work without refuelling.

Q11A Can you name this missile? Colonel Robin Olds was so disgusted with its performance in Vietnam that he ordered his whole wing of F4D’s rewired to revert to Sidewinder missiles as an unauthorised field modification, which was later made official. AIM4 Falcon

Q11B A development of the missile, known as the AIM 26 had a notable feature not shared with any other guided air to air missile (at least as far as I can determine). What was that feature? A nuclear warhead.

Q12A Who wrote the 1959 book “Starship Troopers”? Robert Heinlein
Q12B What “anti-war” science fiction book published in 1974 was described as a reaction to the perceived sci-fi militarism on “Starship Troopers”? “The Forever war” by Joe Haldeman.

Quiz Answers, 24th June

Andy provides answers to his fiendish quiz (you’ll have to refer to the original post for any pictures).

1a – In 1967 the US formed the Mobile Riverine Force in Vietnam. This combined US Navy vessels with an Infantry brigade. Who provided the Infantry, US Army or US Marines
US Army
1b – Name the Division that provided the Infantry
9th Infantry Division
2a – In 1838 Lieutenant Henry Bennett of the 45th Foot was the first British officer to die in the service of Queen Victoria; in which country was he killed?
England, at Bossenden Wood in Kent on 31st May (there’s a plaque commemorating him in Canterbury Cathedral).
2b – The practice of purchase of commissions in the British Army was finally abolished as part of whose reforms in 1871?
Cardwell
3a – What is the name or designation of this AFV?
M551 Sheridan
3b – What is the name or designation of this AFV?
M50 Ontos
4a – In AD69 a revolt broke out in the Roman province of Germania Inferior. What was the name of the tribe leading the revolt?
Batavii (or Batavian Revolt)
4b – Name either the leader of the tribe, or the Roman general who defeated them.
Revolt lead by: Gaius Julius Civilis
Roman general: Quintus Petillius Cerialis
5a – Name the German contingent of the Napoleonic Wars to which these troops belong
Brunswick(-Wolfenbüttel)
5b – Name their commander, killed at Quatre Bras
Frederick William, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (Painting by Johann Christian August Schwartz)
6a – Which battle, on 16 April 1746 effectively ended the Jacobite Rebellion
Culloden
6b – Name the commander of the government forces at the battle
William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland
7a – During the Battle of Britain, which RAF Group was primarily responsible for the defence of London and South East England.
11 Group
7b – Name the commander of the group
Air Vice Marshal Keith Park
8a – To which Guards regiment do these soldiers belong?
Welsh Guards
8b – In what year was the regiment formed.
1915 (26th February)
9a – In the Lord of the Rings, what is described in a poem that begins:
“Grey as a mouse, Big as a house,
Nose like a snake, I make the earth shake”
I want the name as used in the book / film
Oliphaunt or Mûmakil
9b – One Ring to rule them all, One Ring to find them,
One Ring to bring them all, and in the darkness bind them.
How many rings were made for the One Ring to rule?
Nineteen.
Three Rings for the Elven-kings under the sky,
Seven for the Dwarf-lords in their halls of stone,
Nine for Mortal Men doomed to die
10a – In the first English Civil War (1642–1646) Parliament fielded only one full regiment of Cuirassier, can you name the unit
Sir Arthur Hesilrigge’s, Ironsides or the London Lobsters
10b – This regiment served in the campaigns in the South West in 1643, can you name either the Royalist or Parliamentarian commanders in this theatre
Sir (later Baron) Ralph Hopton (Royalist)
Sir William Waller (Parliament)
11a – Which WW2 British unit used this field sign
7th Armoured Division (The Desert Rats)
11b – Once re-equipped for the Normandy campaign, what was the principle tank used by this unit.?
Cromwell
12a – The classic film “The African Queen” and the 1995/96 MWS Show game (resurrected in 2012) was based on the minor naval actions on which African lake?
Lake Tanganyika
12b – What was the name of the commander of the British forces on the lake?
Lieutenant Commander Geoffrey Basil Spicer-Simson

Society Quiz 24th June 2020

The quizmaster this week was Andy; here are the questions (answers in the next post – no cheating…).

1a In 1967 the US formed the Mobile Riverine Force in Vietnam. This combined US Navy vessels with an infantry brigade. Who provided the infantry, US Army or US Marines ?
1b Name the Division that provided the infantry.

2a In 1838 Lieutenant Henry Bennett of the 45th Foot was the first British officer to die in the service of Queen Victoria; in which country was he killed?
2b The practice of purchase of commissions in the British Army was finally abolished as part of whose reforms in 1871?

3a What is the name or designation of this AFV ?

3b What is the name or designation of this AFV ?

4a In AD69 a revolt broke out in the Roman province of Germania Inferior. What was the name of the tribe leading the revolt
4b Name either the leader of the tribe, or the Roman general who defeated them.

5a Name the German contingent of the Napoleonic Wars to which these troops belong

5b Name their commander, killed at Quatre Bras

6a Which battle, on 16 April 1746 effectively ended the Jacobite Rebellion ?
6b Name the commander of the government forces at the battle.

7a During the Battle of Britain, which RAF Group was primarily responsible for the defence of London and South East England ?
7b Name the commander of the group .

8a To which Guards regiment do these soldiers belong?

8b In what year was the regiment formed?

9a In The Lord of the Rings, what is described in a poem that begins:
Grey as a mouse,
Big as a house,
Nose like a snake,
I make the earth shake ?

I want the name as used in the book / film.
9b One Ring to rule them all, One Ring to find them,
One Ring to bring them all, and in the darkness bind them.

How many rings were made for the One Ring to rule?

10a In the first English Civil War (1642–1646) Parliament fielded only one full regiment of Cuirassier, can you name the unit ?
10b This regiment served in the campaigns in the South West in 1643, can you name either the Royalist or Parliamentarian commanders in this theatre ?

11a Which WW2 British unit used this field sign ?

11b Once re-equipped for the Normandy campaign, what was the principle tank used by this unit?

12a The classic film “The African Queen” and the 1995/96 MWS Show game (resurrected in 2012) was based on the minor naval actions on which African lake?
12b What was the name of the commander of the British forces on the lake?

Society Quiz 10th June 2020

 Here is our latest virtual quiz for you to try.


Follow the link at the end for the answers.

  1. With whom did Shakespeare credit the words “The game’s afoot: Follow your spirit; and upon this charge, cry ‘God for Harry! England! and Saint George!” at the siege of Harfleur in 1415? For a bonus point name the present day country in the region that was the birthplace of St. George, who also have him as their patron saint.
  2. Who played the role of Muhammad Ahmad bin Abd Allah, who proclaimed himself the Mahdi, in the 1966 epic? For a bonus point name the commander of the British Army sent to relieve his siege of Khartoum in 1885.
  3. Which nation’s troops carried ‘Ordinarfahne’ of the type shown in picture 1 during the Napoleonic wars? For a bonus point name both of the countries which also featured eagles on their standards in pictures 2 and 3.
    Picture 1
    Picture 2

    Picture 3
  4. On which planet of the Star Wars universe was the 1997 MWS show game, featuring a scratchbuilt sandcrawler, set? For a bonus point name the people blamed by the Empire for the destruction of the sandcrawler featured in the original Star Wars film.
  5. By what nickname was Manfred Albrecht Freiherr von Richthofen, considered the ace-of aces in WW1 fighter combat, commonly known? For a bonus point name the aircraft that he flew at the end of his career with which he is most associated, or any other fighter in which he scored a victory.
  6. Who claimed victory for the Egyptian Army at the Battle of Qadesh in 1274BC? For a bonus point name the rival empire he claimed to have defeated at the battle or its ruler.
  7. What is the Russian WW2 tank in picture 4? For a bonus point name the tank in picture 5.
    Picture 4

    Picture 5
  8. What battle of 1759 is depicted in picture 6? For a bonus point name the town in Kent where the British commander killed in the battle grew up, or the commander of the defeated French force.

    Picture 6
  9. At which battle of 1861 did Brigadier General Thomas Jackson get his nickname as a result of General Bee ordering his men to “Rally behind the Virginians! There stands Jackson like a stone wall”? For a bonus point name the Battle at which Jackson was killed.
  10. What nation did Prussia attack in 1866? For a bonus point name the battle at which the fleet of Prussia’s ally, Italy, was decisively defeated by the Fleet of Admiral Tegetthof.
  11. Which decisive battle on the Italian Front in November 1918 precipitated the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian army, in which Italian troops are seen in action in picture 7? For a bonus point name the battle in November 1940 in which a battleship named after the battle fought, the photograph in picture 8 is of her at gunnery practice with her sistership Littorio.
    Picture 7

    Picture 8
  12. By what name is the war that resulted from the surprise attack by Egypt and Syria on Israel in 1973 known? For a bonus point give the English meaning of the associated religious festival or the phrase often used at the end of the service that ends the fast on that day.

For answers follow the link:

http://brigademodels.co.uk/mws/blog/2020/06/10/answers-to-quiz-10th-june-2020/

Answers to Quiz 10th June 2020

Here are the answers to the quiz:

  1. Henry V – Georgia

The speech is from Henry V, Act III, Scene 1 and has Henry encouraging his troops to renew the attack after failing to break in to the town.  St. George was a Roman officer of Greek descent from Cappadocia, martyred in early persecutions of the church.  Also the patron saint of Ethiopia and Catalonia and quite a few other places, as well as England of course!

  1. Laurence Olivier – Lord Garnet Joseph Wolseley

 

  1. Austria-Hungary, Austria or Habsburg Empire acceptable – Prussia and Russia

Flags are the Austrian 1806 Ordinarfahne, 15th Prussian Fusiliers and Lithuanian Life Guard Regiment of the Russian Army

  1. Tatooine – Tuskan Raiders or Sand People

 

  1. Red Baron – Fokker Dr.I or Fokker Triplane (19 out of 80 victories), also Albatross DII, DIII, DV and Halberstadt DII

The nickname comes from his practice of painting his aircraft red, hence German propaganda portrayed his as Der Rote Kampfflieger – the red fighter pilot – as he was a Freiherr (Baron) the rest is history.

  1. Pharoah Ramesses II or Ramesses the Great – Hittite Empire of Muwatalli II

The battle was more probably a draw.  The war dragged on inconclusively until 1258BC.  The peace treaty that ended the war is preserved in both Egyptian and Hittite texts and is the earliest surviving peace treaty.  A copy hangs on the wall at the UN building.

  1. T-34/85 – IS-2 (short for Iosef Stalin)

The IS-2 mounted a formidable 122mm main turret gun

  1. Quebec – Westerham or the Marquis de Montcalm

Wolfe grew up at what is now Quebec House in Westerham – now in the care of the National Trust and well worth a visit

  1. First Battle of Bull Run – Chancellorsville in 1863

Jackson was a victim of friendly fire from spooked pickets of the 18th North Carolina Infantry, who mistook his party for federal cavalry in the evening light.  He was hit three times and died of complications and pneumonia a few days later

  1. Austria-Hungary – Lissa or Vis

The Italian fleet lost 2 ironclads

  1. Vittorio Veneto – Spartivento or Tuelada

The Italian Army had nearly 40,000 casualties in the battle, but inflicted 30,000 casualties on the defending Austrians before breaking their lines, capturing a further 300,000 men in their subsequent advance.  The machine gunners are in action on Monte Grappa, a diversionary attack to draw Austrian Reserves away from the main assault.  Austria-Hungary was forced to accept Allied terms and quit the war as a result of the battle.  It is seen by many Italians as the conclusion of the long struggle to re-unify Italy, the Risorgimento. 

Spartivento was an attack on the escort of a British convoy and ended as a draw with only minor damage inflicted on both sides.  Vittorio Veneto inflicted minor damage on the cruiser HMS Manchester from near misses and fired only 19 rounds of 15″ shell, but forced the British cruisers to retire behind a smoke screen.

  1. Yom Kippur יוֹם כִּיפּוּר – Day of Atonement, the phrase is לשנה הבאה בירושלים, L’Shana Haba’ah B’Yerushalayim, “Next year in Jerusalem”